Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

In this article you will see the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence is about designing programs or machines that are able to think, so that machines can make decisions by themselves without human intervention.

Giving machines the ability to think can create many problems and also benefits. So let’s see them.

Advantages of artificial intelligence.

Fewer errors:  Decisions are taken based on previously collected information and certain algorithms, without human intervention, all previous errors are reduced and the possibility of obtaining greater precision is a possible.

Faster decisions: By using Artificial Intelligence, decisions can be made very quickly. For example, we all play chess in Windows. It is almost impossible to beat the CPU in difficult mode because of AI. behind this game, as it gave the best possible step in a very short time based on the algorithms used.

Daily applications: currently, A.I. It is used in many applications, such as Apple’s Siri, Windows Cortana, Google’s Google OK Goggle. Using this type of application, we can communicate with our device using our voice. What makes our work easier. For example, in recent Android phones, if we want to find a position, we just have to say “OK, Google, where is Agra”. It will show you the location of Agra on Google Map and the best way between you and Agra.

Emotionless: the total absence of emotion encourages machines to think logically and make the right decisions in which human emotions are associated with moods that can affect human efficiency. The total absence of emotions makes the machines make the right decisions.

Digital assistants: Some highly advanced organizations use digital assistants to interact with users, reducing the need for human resources. The digital assistant is also used in many websites to provide the information desired by the user. We can discuss with them what we are looking for. Some robot discussions are designed in such a way that it is difficult to determine if we are discussing discussion with a robot or a human being. For example, Mitsuku.

Can work Without pause: Unlike humans, machines can operate without interruption. Humans need a break from work to regain speed and freshness, while machines can work long hours without getting bored or distracted.

Medical applications: Increasing A.I. integration tools in medical applications, could improve efficiency and reduce treatment costs, minimizing the risk of false diagnosis. AI has begun to transform the field of surgical robotics to allow the development of robots that perform semi-automatic surgical operations more efficiently. AI will not replace physicians but will contribute by providing the data needed to support the patient (history of aortic aneurism, high blood pressure, coronary obstructions, smoking history, previous pulmonary embolism, cancer, implantable devices or venous thrombosis depth). Otherwise, it would take a long time to gather this information.

Taking risks on behalf of human beings: In different situations, robots can be used in place of humans to avoid risks. Robots, like robots, can be programmed to explore space, because the metal body can suffer in different situations, but the human body can not. In the armed forces, robots can be programmed to deactivate a bomb, so the error will be reduced and can save lives. Complex machines can be used to explore the ocean floor and overcome human limits.

Public Utility: Auto-pilot cars, which would significantly reduce the number of car accidents. Facial recognition can be used for security. Language Processing to communicate with other country people in their language.

There are still many advantages of artificial intelligence. Let’s talk about some of its drawbacks.

Disadvantages of artificial intelligence.

High costs: Hardware and software of AI machines must be updated over time to meet the latest requirements. Machines require repairs and maintenance that generate high costs.

Unemployment: increasing number of machines leading to unemployment and job security problems. As machines replace human resources, the rate of job losing will increase. Because machines can run 24 hours a day, 7 days a week without interruption, which is better for industries than working with people who need breaks and refreshments. The machines do their job as they did without errors, while humans can make errors.

Cannot think outside the box: Robots can only do the job for which they were programmed. They cannot act differently from any algorithm or programming stored in their internal circuitry. And when it comes to a creative mind, nothing can beat the humans. A computer cannot think differently because they don’t have thoughts  that come from emotions and experience. Thus, the machine cannot think outside the box but thousands of new ideas can come to the human mind in few seconds.

Cannot feel sympathy: There is no doubt that machines are much better at working efficiently, but they can not replace the human bond that makes them a Team. Machines can not develop a connection with humans.

Highly dependent on machines: In the current generation, most people rely heavily on applications such as Siri. With so much help from the machine, humans do not need their thinking skills. In the future, with the intensive use of artificial intelligence, humans could become completely dependent on machines, thereby losing their mental abilities.

These are some of the pros and cons of artificial intelligence. Some people also say that artificial intelligence can destroy human civilization if it ends up in the wrong hands. But still none of the A.I. application made on this scale that can destroy or enslave humans (as shown by some movies such as Megatron in Transformers and Ultron in Marvel). Therefore, we should not consider this a disadvantage of artificial intelligence.

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